For Key Stage 2 Science pupils

The Curriculum Key Stage 2 Topic area: Science

Click a section below to see the curriculum content section references:

» Testing Time Solids, liquids, gases

Topic Curriculum subject content references
Working scientifically
Lower Key Stage 2
  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.
Upper Key Stage 2
  • reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations
  • identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.
States of matter
Lower Key Stage 2
  • compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases
  • observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C).

» Good sense: Evaporation and Diffusion

Topic Curriculum subject content references
States of matter
Lower Key Stage 2
  • identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

» Good sense: Light and reflection

Topic Curriculum subject content references
Light
Upper Key Stage 2
  • recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines
  • use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye
  • explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes
  • use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.

» Good sense: Hearing and pitch

Topic Curriculum subject content references
Sound
Lower Key Stage 2
  • identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating
  • recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear
  • find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it
  • find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

» Plant Life

Topic Curriculum subject content references
Plants
Lower Key Stage 2
  • identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers
  • explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant
  • investigate the way in which water is transported within plants
  • explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal.
Living things and their habitats
Upper Key Stage 2
  • describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals
  • describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals
  • give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.