For Key Stages 3 and 4 Science students

For science teachers

Faces of Science is designed to be used in small sections, as you work through the curriculum. Each of the science sections covers aspects of the Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4 courses and the details of its coverage and references are given below.

This resource can be:

  • revisited at appropriate times in the course curriculum year
  • used as a revision and plenary tool to recap the topic at the end of a teaching session
  • used as a revision resource before exams.

Within each section there are:

  • illustrations and animations to bring the subject to life
  • interactive activities such as drag and drop quizzes, ideal for use on an interactive whiteboard
  • PDF Worksheets for each section.

Each of the sections touches on a different aspect of science.


Key Stages 3 and 4 Curriculum Topic area: Science

Click a section below to see the curriculum content section references:

» When Bacteria Attack

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • Bacteria and control of their reproduction, especially with respect to tooth decay and body odour.
Key Stage 3 Biology
Cells and organisation
  • cells as the fundamental unit of living organisms, including how to observe, interpret and record cell structure using a light microscope
  • the functions of the cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, vacuole, mitochondria and chloroplasts
  • the structural adaptations of some unicellular organisms.
Nutrition and digestion
  • the tissues and organs of the human digestive system, including adaptations to function and how the digestive system digests food (enzymes simply as biological catalysts)
  • the importance of bacteria in the human digestive system.
Key Stage 4 Biology
Health, disease and the development of medicines
  • the relationship between health and disease
  • non-communicable diseases
  • bacteria, viruses and fungi as pathogens in animals and plants
  • body defences against pathogens and the role of the immune system against disease
  • the impact of lifestyle factors on the incidence of non-communicable diseases.

» Be Hot! Stay Cool!

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • Homeostasis
  • Adaptation of animals and plants to their environment.
Key Stage 3 Biology
Inheritance, chromosomes, DNA and genes
  • changes in the environment may leave individuals within a species, and some entire species, less well adapted to compete successfully and reproduce, which in turn may lead to extinction.
Key Stage 4 Biology
Coordination and control
  • Homeostasis.
Ecosystems
  • organisms are interdependent and are adapted to their environment.

» Do You Know Your Bubbles?

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • The pH scale and Universal Indicator
  • Neutralisation reactions
  • Soap and shower gel manufacture
  • Equations.
Key Stage 3 Chemistry
Chemical reactions
  • chemical reactions as the rearrangement of atoms
  • representing chemical reactions using formulae and using equations
  • defining acids and alkalis in terms of neutralisation reactions
  • the pH scale for measuring acidity/alkalinity; and indicators
  • reactions of acids with alkalis to produce a salt plus water.
Key Stage 4 Chemistry
Structure, bonding and the properties of matter
  • changes of state of matter in terms of particle kinetics, energy transfers and the relative strength of chemical bonds and intermolecular forces
  • bulk properties of materials related to bonding and intermolecular forces
  • bonding of carbon leading to the vast array of natural and synthetic organic compounds that occur due to the ability of carbon to form families of similar compounds, chains and rings.
Chemical changes
  • determination of empirical formulae from the ratio of atoms of different kinds
  • balanced chemical equations, ionic equations and state symbols
  • the chemistry of acids; reactions with some metals and carbonates
  • pH as a measure of hydrogen ion concentration and its numerical scale
  • electrolysis of molten ionic liquids and aqueous ionic solutions
  • reduction and oxidation in terms of loss or gain of oxygen.

» Follow the Scent

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • Properties and molecular arrangements of the states of matter
  • Melting point/boiling point curve
  • Distillation and fragrance
Key Stage 3 Chemistry
The particulate nature of matter
  • the properties of the different states of matter (solid, liquid and gas) in terms of the particle model, including gas pressure
  • changes of state in terms of the particle model.
Energetics
  • energy changes on changes of state (qualitative).
Pure and impure substances
  • the concept of a pure substance
  • mixtures, including dissolving
  • diffusion in terms of the particle model
  • simple techniques for separating mixtures: filtration, evaporation, distillation and chromatography
  • the identification of pure substances.
Key Stage 4 Chemistry
Structure, bonding and the properties of matter
  • changes of state of matter in terms of particle kinetics, energy transfers and the relative strength of chemical bonds and intermolecular forces
  • bulk properties of materials related to bonding and intermolecular forces
  • bonding of carbon leading to the vast array of natural and synthetic organic compounds that occur due to the ability of carbon to form families of similar compounds, chains and rings.
Key Stage 4 Physics
The structure of matter
  • relating models of arrangements and motions of the molecules in solid, liquid and gas phases to their densities
  • melting, evaporation, and sublimation as reversible changes
  • calculating energy changes involved on heating, using specific heat capacity; and those involved in changes of state, using specific latent heat
  • links between pressure and temperature of a gas at constant volume, related to the motion of its particles (qualitative).

» The Invasion of Invisible waves

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Uses and dangers of electromagnetic waves
  • Wave equation
  • Skin cancer.
Key Stage 3 Physics
Energy and waves
  • pressure waves transferring energy; use for cleaning and physiotherapy by ultra-sound; waves transferring information for conversion to electrical signals by microphone.
Light waves
  • the similarities and differences between light waves and waves in matter
  • the transmission of light through materials: absorption, diffuse scattering and specular reflection at a surface
  • colours and the different frequencies of light, white light and prisms (qualitative only); differential colour effects in absorption and diffuse reflection.
Key Stage 4 Physics
Wave motion
  • amplitude, wavelength and frequency; relating velocity to frequency and wavelength
  • transverse and longitudinal waves
  • electromagnetic waves and their velocity in vacuum; waves transferring energy; wavelengths and frequencies from radio to gamma-rays
  • velocities differing between media: absorption, reflection, refraction effects
  • production and detection, by electrical circuits, or by changes in atoms and nuclei
  • uses in the radio, microwave, infra-red, visible, ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray regions, hazardous effects on bodily tissues.

» Playing with Light and Colour

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • Reflection (regular and diffuse)
  • Component colours in white light.
Key Stage 3 Physics
Light waves
  • the similarities and differences between light waves and waves in matter
  • the transmission of light through materials: absorption, diffuse scattering and specular reflection at a surface
  • colours and the different frequencies of light, white light and prisms (qualitative only); differential colour effects in absorption and diffuse reflection.
Key Stage 4 Physics
Wave motion
  • velocities differing between media: absorption, reflection, refraction effects
  • uses in the radio, microwave, infra-red, visible, ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray regions, hazardous effects on bodily tissues.

Key Stages 3 and 4 Curriculum Topic areas: PSHE, History and Sociology

Click the section below to see the curriculum content section references:

» Give Your Self-esteem a Makeover!

Topic Curriculum subject content references
  • what is self-esteem?
  • how it is determined
  • how it impacts on behaviour
  • how it’s measured
  • what can affect our self-esteem
  • how we can raise our self-esteem.
Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4
PSHE, History and Sociology